Rabu, 02 Juni 2010


Soekarno or Ir. The first President Soekarno flamboyant and much loved the women in his time, too many in respect both by friend and foe. His name was not only widespread in the country, in the International arena too many countries recognize the greatness and dignity of Sukarno. Although at the end of life and his position as President of the Republic many reap the controversy, we are worthy of Ir Sukarno as a hero recalls unforgettable in the history of Indonesia.

The first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno, Bung Karno's usually called, was born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta on June 21, 1970. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. During his life, he has three wives and has eight children. Fatmawati wife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. From Hartini wife has Taufan and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, the woman called the original Japanese derivatives Naoko Nemoto Kartika have children ..

Sukarno's childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During his elementary school to graduate, he lives in Surabaya, lodger at the home of Haji Oemar Tokroaminoto Said, a veteran politician Sarekat founder of Islam. Then continue their education at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno had galvanize nationalist spirit. After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to Bandung and continued to THS (Technical High Technique Hoogeschool or school who is now the ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated and established doctrine Marhaenism PNI (Nationalist Party of Indonesia) on July 4, 1927, with the aim of an independent Indonesia. As a result, the Netherlands, put into prison Sukamiskin, Bandung on December 29, 1929. Eight months later a new trial. In his defense, entitled Indonesia sued, he show apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claims it is more advanced.

Defense that made the Dutch more and more angry. So that in July 1930, the PNI was dissolved. After the Commons in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and also lead them. As a result, he re-arrested and exiled to the Netherlands Ende, Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu.

After a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In the trial date of June 1, 1945 BPUPKI, Ir.Soekarno the idea about the basis of the state which he called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. In the trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno elected by acclamation as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Previously, he was also able to formulate that later became the basis of Pancasila (ideology) of the Unitary State of Republic of Indonesia. He seeks to unite the archipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America with the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955 which later developed into the Non-Aligned Movement.

Rebellion G-30-S/PKI childbirth causing severe political crisis over the rejection of MPR accountability. Instead of the MPR picked Soeharto as Acting President. His health continued to deteriorate, which in the day Sunday, June 21, 1970 he died at the army hospital. He was buried at Wisma Yaso, Jakarta, and was buried in Blitar, East Java, near the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Government confer as "Hero of the Proclamation." (Biographies people - from various sources)
By Iwan Sulistyo, 05/24/2010 22:11

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